Does .NET Core hold the key to the future? For quite some time, we’ve been debating whether it’s feasible. Thus, we have seen this technology is in demand for skilled developers. But, what are the differences between it and the .NET Framework, and how does using them effectively differ? Thus, as we explain in this post .NET Core vs .NET Framework, we’ll suggest ways to use each to their best advantage.
In the past, the .NET Framework was only compatible with Windows devices. Therefore, mobile devices, macOS and Linux can run .NET using the Xamarin and Mono projects. As a result of .NET Core, a standard base library is now available on Windows, Linux, macOS, and mobile platforms (via Xamarin).
Using .NET framework, develop Windows desktop and server applications. ASP.NET web apps are also among these types of applications. Server applications for Windows, Linux, and Mac, on the other hand, mostly make use of .NET Core. As of right now, you can’t design desktop applications with a user interface for .NET Core. .NET Framework works with the Windows operating system. The REST API .NET supports, but the microservice architecture is not.
It is object-oriented, C# is similar to other C programming languages. C# is therefore not hard for any developer proficient in C and versed in its complexities.
In contrast, F# provides full cross-platform support. Therefore, developers with prior experience working with C languages may find F# easier to adopt.
Besides Visual Basic, .NET Framework 2.0 and .NET Core 2.0 have limited support for Visual Basic.
|A system without UI that is high-performing and scalable||.NET Core is faster than .NET Framework.|
|Containers are supported by Docker||In both cases, but .NET Core was designed to reside in a container.|
|Make heavy use of the command line||.NET Core offers much better support.|
|Multiplatform requirements||.NET Core|
|Making use of microservices||Both, but .NET Core is designed to keep up with the needs of today.|
|Web applications with a user-centric interface||It will take some time for .NET Core to catch up to the .NET Framework.|
|WPF and Windows Forms client applications||.NET Framework|
|System and environment are already configured||It is better to use the .NET Framework.|
|An immediate build and deployment of the stable version is necessary||.NET Framework dates back to 2001. This is just the beginning for .NET Core.|
|Team with .NET experience already in place||There is a learning curve associated with .NET Core.|
|There is no time constraint. It is acceptable to experiment. There is no rush for deployment||The future of .NET rests with .NET Core.|
Let’s discuss .NET Framework’s benefits now. A .NET developer is in a rush to complete an app quickly, but doesn’t have much time. Then, you should choose the .NET Framework. The learning curve for .NET Core is ascending, however. Every year, new .NET versions come out that are one major version number higher.
The .NET Framework is an excellent tool for maintaining and upgrading .NET applications. However, porting an existing .NET application to .NET Core requires a number of tasks. The .NET Core framework offers fewer job opportunities for developers than the .NET Framework technologies.
.NET Core offers a variety of benefits to developers and projects despite its higher learning curve. However, .NET Core is the most effective technology option for building a new application. This new version of .NET Core from Microsoft is a significant update to the earlier .NET Core version. .NET Core is a great choice if you want a technology for future.
.NET 3.0 provides support for WPF and Windows Forms. Therefore, you can develop UWP, WPF, and Windows Forms apps with .NET Core 3.0 thanks to its extensive cross-development capabilities. With this, Windows Forms and WPF become more flexible and easier to integrate modern interfaces such as UWP.
When it comes to cross-platform development, .NET Core is a much better choice. One great thing about .NET Core apps is that they can run on multiple operating systems including Windows, Linux, and macOS. Visual Studio (VS) code, Microsoft’s open source code editing program, is also available to developers for .NET Core projects, and it’s compatible with all major platforms, such as Windows, Linux and Mac. The latest editing tools such as IntelliSense and debugging make VS Code a favorite of developers and code editors. In addition, many third-party code editors support .NET Core, including Sublime, Emacs, and VI.
The development platform for highly sophisticated, future-proof applications is .NET Core, but there are other reasons as well.
In addition to supporting Microservices architecture, .NET Core provides cross-platform services derived from the .NET Framework, Java, Ruby, and other languages.
Finally, .NET Core’s lightweight architecture, modularity, and unmatchable flexibility make it a popular choice amongst modern developers. The .NET Core apps are very easy to deploy in containers because of these qualities.
Following are some parameters that distinguish .NET Core from .NET Framework:
The best thing about.NET Core, which makes it the best in its class, is that it works with Windows, Linux, and macOS. To make.NET Core, which helps businesses build apps that work on all platforms, the structure of.NET was completely changed.
Businesses that need.NET web development services may want to use.NET Core, which works on most platforms other than Windows. .NET Core works very well, and the fact that it is open source makes it the most popular framework for building applications. It is compatible with various operating systems like Mac OS, Linux and Windows. Thus, cross platform needs are taken of.
On the other hand, the.NET Framework uses a limited model that only lets websites, apps, and web services run on the Windows OS. The.NET Framework is a cross-platform framework that is only recommended if an organisation plans to use it for a long time.
A note for groups and programmers — Microsoft has given the source code for WPF, Windows Forms, and WinUI to different people.
When performance and scalability are the most important things in a system, who wins the performance battle between.NET Core and.NET Framework?
The most recent version of.NET Core works well and can be scaled up or down. Microsoft says that ASP.NET Core is the best choice when a high-performance system is needed, especially when microservices are involved. Several independent tests have been done to compare the performance of.NET Core and.NET Framework. One test showed that.NET Core was 7–13 times faster than.NET Framework. On same machine multiple version and apps of .NET can run.
The.NET Core has a feature that lets developers recompile code without making any changes. This makes it easier to test and deploy code. The most recent versions of.NET Core (6 and the soon-to-be-released 7) put a lot of focus on making things run faster. Thus, it is more of scalable system without UI.
One of the most important things about.NET Core is that it has a flexible deployment model. It means that when the newest version of.NET Core is released, it can be updated instantly on one machine at a time and then uploaded to new directories without affecting the applications that are already running. With the new app bundling tools,.NET Core can also be used for apps that need more separation.
When it comes to the.NET Framework, the web application can only be run on the Internet Information Server. But.NET Core is better than.NET Framework because it can be hosted in more than one way, which gives it more flexibility.
No matter what kind of business an app is in, in today’s highly digitalized, tech-friendly world, it is important to build an app that can reach different markets and end users with the latest technology. And.NET Core wants to help reach this goal by making it easy to build apps in many different areas, such as gaming, mobile, IoT, and AI. This will be done by constantly updating.NET Core to take advantage of new opportunities.
The latest version of.NET,.NET 6, has an integrated platform for building apps for the cloud, the Internet of Things (IoT), and mobile. Microsoft also just released ML.NET 1.4, which is a framework for building web apps and desktop apps that are focused on data science. The.NET ecosystem can also include the Blazor framework, which makes it easier to create single-page applications (SPAs) that use.NET.
The.NET Framework, on the other hand, can only be used with Windows OS.
Another thing to think about when deciding between.Net Framework and.NET Core is whether or not they are open-source.
.NET Core is open-source, but.NET Framework is proprietary and released under the Microsoft Reference Source License, even though it has some open-source parts.
Since.NET Core doesn’t support WCF (Windows Communication Foundation) services, microservices must always be built using a REST API.
The.NET Framework, on the other hand, is supported by WCF and REST Services, but it doesn’t let you create or deploy microservices and isn’t as good when it comes to performance and scaling.
The.NET Framework uses the Windows security model and Code Access Security, which Microsoft keeps up to date with the most recent security patches.
.NET Core doesn’t have Code Access Security, but its security model is more flexible and up-to-date, making it a safer option.
For Windows, the.NET Framework must be set up as a single package. The NuGet package manager, on the other hand, is used to package and ship.NET Core without regard to the operating system it runs on.
.NET Core offers a lightweight, cross-platform Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) that can be switched to an integrated development environment (IDE) like Visual Studio.
CLI tools are also part of the.NET Framework. Programs written for the.NET Framework are compiled into Common Intermediate Language code (CIL) instead of being compiled directly to machine code.
As a Windows-only framework, the .NET Framework does not support mobile development, making this framework very inflexible for the needs of today’s applications.
But.NET Core does offer some support for mobile apps, especially since it is compatible with Xamarin and other open-source platforms for making mobile apps.
The .NET Framework Application Model includes WinForms, ASP.NET, and WPF, used for developing desktop and web apps.
In contrast, .NET Core does not support desktop application development, focusing instead on the web, windows mobile, and windows store with ASP.NET and Windows universal apps.
It is an open-source and cross-platform framework. As a result, it can be used to build applications across a wide range of platforms. Therefore, a large enterprise application or cloud application is usually refactored into microservices with this technology. In .NET Core vs .NET Framework, you should be clear to know where .NET core should be used and where it should not be used.
In addition, it does not support all extensions and libraries or some .NET features. Eventually, it should be sufficient for most use cases although it may not be the best option for a few situations (currently). Here are some scenarios to consider:
Windows comes with the .NET Framework. With .NET workflow tools and data connection methods, it is generally used to develop desktop Windows apps and large-scale enterprise applications.
The company offers services such as:
Do not run .NET Framework in the following situations:
The Xamarin platform lets developers create apps for iOS, Android, and Windows Phone. Thus, Visual Studio includes Xamarin in all editions. As a result, Xamarin is Microsoft’s way of creating a user interface (UI) and optimizing performance across hundreds of platforms. It is important to support Android and iOS devices when apps must run on both.
If you are interested in developing your app, then read here how much is the cost involved in developing a mobile app.
Therefore, to decrease time to market and engineering costs, Xamarin shares code across platforms and uses a single technology stack. Nevertheless, platform-specific coding may be required for user interface intensive apps. As a result, we save less and share less code.
.NET Standards support the following platforms in addition to .NET Framework, .NET Core, and Xamarin:
This common set of APIs replaces portable class libraries (PCLs). As a result, you must implement them in every platform. Therefore, this allows you to share code across desktop applications, mobile applications, and cloud services. The Dot Net Framework was made so that developers could make programmes that work on Microsoft’s Windows platform. Programs made with the Dot Net Framework applications can run on more than one platform.
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By creating .NET 5 (without “core” or “framework”), Microsoft combined .NET Framework, .NET Core, and Xamarin Development into one platform. Therefore, with it, web development services will become easier to use. The gap between .NET Framework and .NET Core will, therefore, no longer exist in the coming years, so there won’t be a .NET Framework vs .NET Core war.
.NET Core 5 comes after .NET 3.1. For the following two reasons, Microsoft chose to name the new release .NET 5 and not .NET Core 4.0:
In addition, .NET 5 doesn’t replace the .NET Framework, which is still available. Therefore, we can conclude that .NET Core and .NET Framework not going to extinct any sooner, and that .NET 5 is an extension of .NET 3.
One important decision is to decide the framework you will use to build your applications with. When the default .NET Framework came there was very little choice. Application development has experienced an increase since the introduction of .NET Core. Console, desktop, web, and mobile application models are all supported by both.NET Core and.NET Framework. As a result, the open-source and cross-platform capabilities of the platform add flexibility and shareability for building robust applications.Hope, with this article you are clear about .NET Core vs .NET Framework, and know which is best to use for your runtime application.
On the other hand, Microsoft has an entirely different futuristic plan. Now, going forward it’s just .NET, with no cognomens at all. Therefore, you will need to determine which of these three Microsoft frameworks best fits your business needs.
The Framework is updated only with fixes and updates, while .NET Core is constantly updated with new features. There are pros and cons to each.
With a focus on performance, the features and compilation method of .NET Core were changed in order to create a modular, light framework. Additionally, .NET Core supports more modern languages and libraries.
Do not use .NET Core if you have an existing .NET Framework, lack IT skills, or your application requires webforms.
Don’t use .NET Framework in projects other than Windows-based (e.g., which are cross-platform), requiring microservices, or heavily reliant on CLI.